Amand von Schweiger-Lerchenfeld
Wien-Pest – Leipzig: A. Hartleben’s Verlag 1882
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Tüm yakın doğu ülkelerini kapsayan ve bir bakıma Avusturya kamuoyuna “Orient” yani doğu hakkında bilgi vermek amacıyla yazılmış bir kitaptır. Yazar, “Şark, Viyana’nın dış kapısından başlar” şeklinde tercüme edilebilecek bir Avusturya atasözüne uyarak önce Balkan ülkelerini inceliyor. Arnavutluk, Yunanistan ve Makedonya’da yaşayan milletler ve gelenekleri birinci bölümün konusudur. Daha sonra Küçük Asya(Anadolu) ve Mezopotamya’yı inceleyen yazar, eserinin üçüncü ve son bölümünde Kuzey Afrika ve Mısır’ı tarih, gelenek ve kültür dokusu açısından ele alıyor.
Müellifin biyografisi https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amand_von_Schweiger-Lerchenfeld
The Austrian officer and author Amand Schweiger Lerchenfeld (1846-1910) was born in Vienna. After graduating from the Wiener Neustadt Military Academy, he enlisted in the Army and took part in the 1866 Italy campaign. He resigned his commission in 1871 and started travelling and writing. He later founded the “Stein der Weisen” newspaper, of which he was also editor.
In 1873 Schweiger Lerchenfeld made his first trip to Italy and in 1875 he toured Greece. In 1876 he started recording his impressions from his travels in Armenia, Bosnia, Bulgaria, Pontus, the East, the Adriatic Sea, Italy, Greece, Africa, the Danube to the Caucasus, and elsewhere. He published some thirty-three works, travel accounts as well as books of naturalist, ethnographic and cartographic interest, atlases and leisure reading. In addition to the present work, Schweiger Lerchenfeld published a travel guide to Greece in 1890.
The description of the journey in Greece starts from Athens and Attica, and continues on to the Peloponnese (Corinth, Argolis, Laconia, Messenia, Arcadia, Elis, Achaea). Again starting out from Athens, the author made another trip to Boeotia, Phocis, Locris, Phthiotis, Aetolia and Acarnania, Epirus and Thessaly. From Volos, Schweiger Lerchenfeld visited the Sporades, Euboea, almost all of the Cyclades and the Saronic Islands. He completed his journey with the Ionian Islands.
The edition is illustrated with sixty plates, and one hundred and forty vignettes in the texts. The author gives information on places and people, on historical and contemporary events, at times in a somewhat romantic style, at others taking a more critical stance.